Monument Conservation

“Land is one of California’s most precious assets, the ownership of land, and consequently the ability to define boundaries is dependent of monuments and their perpetuation.”
2 DEC 1985 letter from Board to all County Surveyors and City Engineers

Survey Monuments are Protected by the Law

The law protects monuments which are critical to the protection of private property rights and public infrastructure of California. Below are relevant sections of law pertaining to survey monuments. Click the links below to review the laws or visit:

Business & Professions Code §8771
Streets & Highways §732 & §732.5, §1492.5, §1810.5
Penal Code §605
1985 BPELSG Opinion
2011 BPELSG Opinion

Responsibilities for Land Surveyors (Private)

Below is an outline of your professional responsibility as a private surveyor

What to do if Monuments are Being Destroyed

Education is key to ensuring preservation of monuments. If you are aware of monuments being destroyed, contact your county/city surveyor. Should you have further difficulty, contact The Board for Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors and Geologists (BPELSG). BPELSG has designated Enforcement Analyst Larry Kereszt as the contact person for any Monument Conservation issues. Larry can be contacted at (916) 263-2240 or

Additional Resources

BPELSG Webinar - Stop Monument Destruction Before it is too Late!
Monument Conservation Brochure

For More Information

For more information or assistance regarding monument conservation, please contact CLSA Monument Conservation Chair, Ron Nelms